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An overview for parents to promote development

Entwicklung bei Kindern fördern

The first few years of your life are critical for developing skills like reaching, rolling, crawling, and walking - and as a parent, you can help foster these skills.

In this guide, I'll explain everything you need to know to understand and promote motor skills milestones in children ages 0-5. From the first attempts at grasping to learning to walk - we will go through your child's developmental steps together.

Milestones of motor development

Each age group has its own developmental steps, known as motor milestones. Here are some of the most important milestones to look out for in your child:

0-3 months
  • Most babies can lift their head and hold it for short periods of time
  • Some babies may already try to roll over on their side
  • Many babies start reaching for things
4-6 months
  • Most babies can lie on their stomach and hold their head
  • Many babies start tossing and turning
  • Babies begin to grasp things with both hands
7-9 months
  • Most babies can sit up and sit on their own
  • Many babies begin to crawl or crawl
  • Babies begin to play with and explore objects
10-12 months
  • Most babies begin to stand and hold onto objects
  • Many babies begin to take their first steps and walk
  • Babies begin to imitate simple actions, such as clapping
1-2 years
  • Most children can run freely and even walk backwards
  • Many children can climb stairs and balance themselves on small objects
  • Children begin to take things apart into small pieces and put them back together again
3-5 years
  • Most children can walk and even run well
  • Many children can jump and hop
  • Children begin to improve their fine motor skills and can cut, paint and build

Why are these milestones important?

Motor skills milestones are important because they provide an indication of your child's overall development. For example, if your child is having difficulty reaching certain milestones, this may be an indication that they need support or even therapy to promote their development.

How you can promote children's motor development

As a parent, you can play an important role in supporting your children's motor development. Here are some tips on how you can do this:

Play with your child
  • Play games with your child that challenge and develop their motor skills, such as ball games, hide-and-seek, or role-playing games that require them to climb or balance.
  • Incorporate different activities and challenges into your daily routine, such as balancing on a line on the floor or hopping on one leg.
Encourage your child to be active
  • Give your child the opportunity to move and explore their surroundings. Let him crawl, crawl, and walk when he feels safe and ready.
  • Also encourage him to try different activities, such as climbing on a playground, cycling, or swimming.
Create a safe environment
  • Make sure your environment is safe so your child can move and play freely without getting injured.
  • Remove sharp or dangerous objects, safe stairs and protect your child from dangerous household items.
Be patient and encouraging
  • Every child develops at their own pace. Be patient and encouraging as your child tries to learn new skills.
  • Praise your child for their efforts and progress, even if they are not yet perfect.

Monitoring and assessment of motor development

While most children develop normally, a child may also experience developmental delays or possible motor problems. Here are some important signs to look out for:

  • If your child does not try to roll or turn when he or she is older than 6 months
  • If he has difficulty holding his head upright if he is older than 3 months
  • If he has difficulty crawling, crawling or walking if he is older than 12 months
  • If you are concerned that your child may have developmental delays, talk to your doctor or therapist. Early detection and treatment can help your child improve their skills and promote their development.

Summary and conclusion

Motor development is an important part of the development of babies and toddlers. As a parent, you can play an important role in supporting your children's motor development by playing with them, encouraging them and creating a safe environment. It is also important to keep track of motor milestones and, if necessary, seek early professional help to identify and treat any possible developmental delays or problems.

Overall, it is important to understand that every child develops at their own pace and that there is no set norm for motor development. Be patient and encouraging as your child tries to learn new skills, and celebrate their progress, even if it is small.

I hope this guide will help you understand and support your child's motor development. By helping your child improve and expand their skills, you will help them develop into a healthy and happy adult.